Traductions/Glossaire

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Si vous cherchez le glossaire des termes souvent utilisés par La Quadrature, c'est par par là !

NB: We write in UK English, not US.
Français English Commentaires/Comments
Assemblée Nationale French National Assembly From time to time, put in footnote (<fn>) French lower legislative house
Ayant-droits Rights-holder, assignee
Censurer To reject (legal), or censure (more rarely, censor) Attention, lorsque les juristes disent par exemple que le conseil constitutionnel a censuré une mesure législative, cela ne se traduira pas par censure ou censor, mais "reject" !
Commission Mixte Paritaire Commission Mixte Paritaire — a joint parliamentary committee responsible for reaching a compromise between the lower and upper house — In the USA this would be called a resolution committee
Conseil d'Etat French Council of State (or Conseil d'Etat)
Conseil européen European Council The European Council is the Institution of the European Union (EU) that comprises the heads of state or government of the member states, along with the council's own president and the president of the Commission. (wikipedia)
Conseil de l'Europe Council of Europe The Council of Europe is a regional intergovernmental organisation which promotes human rights, democracy and the rule of law in its 47 member states (Wikipedia)
Déposer une plainte To lodge a complaint (before the ECHR for instance)
Député Deputy
Dates : Day/Month/Year On écrit en anglais UK. En anglais US ce serait Month/Day/Year
DGSE French foreign intelligence services (acronyme for the General Directorate for External Security)
Disposition Provision
Droit commun Ordinary Law
Droits voisins Ancillary rights OR related rights
Question prioritaire de consitutionalité Priority Preliminary rulings on the issue of constitutionality (QPC) We need to translate the wikipedia article. This translation is according to the English version of the website of the French Constitutional Council. Alternatively put in footnote: The QPC is a procedure in French Law system to control the constitutionality of the laws after they are promulgated.
Vie privée Privacy Or private sphere?
Sénat French Senate Same remark as for French National Assembly
Piratage DO NOT USE Piracy. Prefer illegal sharing of copyrighted material or modify the sentence Piratage n'est pas non plus à utiliser car il laisse entendre une pratique illégale alors qu'il s'agit juste de partage d'œuvres dont on a interdit le partage
Ingérence Encroachment (on freedom of ...)
Mémoire (juridique) Statement of case, essay
Projet de loi Bill
Cour de justice de l'Union européenne European Court of Justice (ECJ)
Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme European Court of Human Rights (ECHR)
« procédure législative ordinaire » the ordinary legislative procedure
Procédure judiciaire Legal proceedings Judiciaire = civil ou pénal, pas administratif
Contrôleur européen de la protection des données European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS)
Premier ministre Prime minister (ou PM)
Ministre de l'intérieur Interior Minister
Conseil européen - Conseil de l'Union européenne European Council - Council of the European Union - Consilium
Voter (accepté) To adopt, to approve
Voter (rejeté) To reject
personnes concernées (donnees personelles) Data subject, persons concerned
Recours Legal action *before a Court* Before, not in front
Raison d'État national interest following wikipedia article
Amicus curiae Amicus brief Or the filer of an amicus brief (who is literally the friend of the court)
Zero-rating Zero-rating Need to translate the wikipedia article https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero-rating
Traitement Processing
Concurrence Competition
Bande-passante bandwidth
Déréférencement De-indexing
Données de connexion Connection data OR traffic data
Champ d'application scope
Considérant (en début d'un texte juridique recital; In view of...
Accuser (juridique) to charge (someone with murder)
Saisir une cour/tribunal/juridiction to lodge a complaint with ..., ou to bring a case before ..., ou refer to the court
Proposer (un amendement) To propose (an amendment) To "table" a bill or amendment can mean to postpone consideration
Trilogue Trialogue Procédure de négociation européenne
Disposition Provision http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/provision
Loi de Programmation Militaire Military Programming Act
Loi Renseignement Surveillance Law
Loi Numérique French Digital Law *or Bill until it has been adopted !*
Référé en suspension Suspensive judgment
Recours au fond Judgement as a matter of law
Renvoi préjudiciel Preliminary rulings
Déposer (par exemple, un recours) To file (a complaint)
Recours en annulation Appeal for annulment
Recours Recourse, (legal) action
Autorités nationales de protection des données national supervisory authorities
Chiffrement de bout en bout end-to-end encryption
Libertés In the context of LQdN, usually "civil liberties", not "freedoms" or "civil rights"
Voie de recours judiciaire a judicial remedy
ès qualités in [their] official capacity