The protection of privacy is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In a democratic society, privacy is an essential enabler for other fundamental rights, such as the rights to freedom of expression and to form and join associations. However, many players now find an interest in watering down the protection of this fundamental right to increase the surveillance of citizens or to exploit information about them, by collecting, processing, storing and trading it. These practices, dangerous for our liberties both online and offline, are already widespread on the Internet.
Privacy protection needs to be adapted to the digital era and strengthened to take up these new challenges. But the opposite is happening, the revision of the European regulation concerning the protection of personal data, initiated by the European Commission in 2012, is leading to a weak set of safeguards, contrary to citizens' interests. It is essential that policy-makers force companies to be more transparent and accountable to citizens for the protection of our data.
In March 2013, the European Parliament voted to adopt a regulation on data protection. This regulation continues to contain serious weaknesses.