Telecoms Package Diff JURI Opinion ITRE Report

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Telecoms Package: Evolution Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion -> Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report − 2008-05-29 -> 2008-07-07

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directives 2002/21/EC on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services, 2002/19/EC on access to, and interconnection of, electronic communications networks and services, and 2002/20/EC on the authorisation of electronic communications networks and services (COD/2007/0247)

Directive on access to, and interconnection of, electronic communications networks and associated facilities (Access 2002/19/EC)

Article 9
Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report
Article 9 − Obligation of transparency Article 9 − Obligation of transparency
1. National regulatory authorities may, in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, impose obligations for transparency in relation to interconnection and/or access, requiring operators to make public specified information, such as accounting information, technical specifications, network characteristics, terms and conditions for supply and use, and prices. 1. National regulatory authorities may, in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, impose obligations for transparency in relation to interconnection and/or access, requiring operators to make public specified information, such as accounting information, technical specifications, network characteristics, restrictions on access to services and applications, traffic management policies, terms and conditions for supply and use, and prices.
2. In particular where an operator has obligations of non-discrimination, national regulatory authorities may require that operator to publish a reference offer, which shall be sufficiently unbundled to ensure that undertakings are not required to pay for facilities which are not necessary for the service requested, giving a description of the relevant offerings broken down into components according to market needs, and the associated terms and conditions including prices. The national regulatory authority shall, inter alia, be able to impose changes to reference offers to give effect to obligations imposed under this Directive. 2. In particular where an operator has obligations of non-discrimination, national regulatory authorities may require that operator to publish a reference offer, which shall be sufficiently unbundled to ensure that undertakings are not required to pay for facilities which are not necessary for the service requested, giving a description of the relevant offerings broken down into components according to market needs, and the associated terms and conditions including prices. The national regulatory authority shall, inter alia, be able to impose changes to reference offers to give effect to obligations imposed under this Directive.
3. National regulatory authorities may specify the precise information to be made available, the level of detail required and the manner of publication. 3. National regulatory authorities may specify the precise information to be made available, the level of detail required and the manner of publication.
4. Notwithstanding paragraph 3, where an operator has obligations under Article 12 concerning unbundled access to the twisted metallic pair local loop, national regulatory authorities shall ensure the publication of a reference offer containing at least the elements set out in Annex II. 4. Notwithstanding paragraph 3, where an operator has been found to have SMP in a relevant market under Article 14 of the Framework Directive relating to local access at a fixed location, national regulatory authorities shall ensure the publication of a reference offer containing at least the elements set out in Annex II.
5. The Commission may adopt the necessary amendments to Annex II in order to adapt it to technological and market developments. The measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 14(3). On imperative grounds of urgency, the Commission may use the urgency procedure referred to in Article 14(4). In implementing the provisions of this paragraph, the Commission may be assisted by the national regulatory authorities. 5. The Commission may adopt the necessary amendments to Annex II in order to adapt it to technological and market developments. The measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 14(3). On imperative grounds of urgency, the Commission may use the urgency procedure referred to in Article 14(4). In implementing the provisions of this paragraph, the Commission may be assisted by the Authority.
Article 12
Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report
Article 12 − Obligations of access to, and use of, specific network facilities Article 12 − Obligations of access to, and use of, specific network facilities
1. A national regulatory authority may, in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, impose obligations on operators to meet reasonable requests for access to, and use of, specific network elements and associated facilities, inter alia in situations where the national regulatory authority considers that denial of access or unreasonable terms and conditions having a similar effect would hinder the emergence of a sustainable competitive market at the retail level, or would not be in the end-user's interest. 1. A national regulatory authority may, in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, impose obligations on operators to meet reasonable requests for access to, and use of, specific network elements and associated facilities, inter alia in situations where the national regulatory authority considers that denial of access or unreasonable terms and conditions having a similar effect would hinder the emergence of a sustainable competitive market at the retail level, or would not be in the end-user's interest.
Operators may be required inter alia: Operators shall be required inter alia:
(a) to give third parties access to specified network elements and/or facilities, including unbundled access to the local loop; (a) to give third parties access to specified network elements and/or facilities, including unbundled access to the local loop;
(b) to negotiate in good faith with undertakings requesting access; (b) to negotiate in good faith with undertakings requesting access;
(c) not to withdraw access to facilities already granted; (c) not to withdraw access to facilities already granted;
(d) to provide specified services on a wholesale basis for resale by third parties; (d) to provide specified services on a wholesale basis for resale by third parties;
(e) to grant open access to technical interfaces, protocols or other key technologies that are indispensable for the interoperability of services or virtual network services; (e) to grant open access to technical interfaces, protocols or other key technologies that are indispensable for the interoperability of services or virtual network services;
(f) to provide co-location or other forms of facility sharing, including the sharing of ducts, buildings or entry to buildings, antennae or masts, manholes and street cabinets; (f) to provide co-location or other forms of facility sharing, including the sharing of ducts, buildings or entry to buildings, antennae towers and other supporting constructions, masts, manholes, cabinets and other network elements which are not active;
(fa) to provide third parties with a reference offer for the granting of access to ducts;
(g) to provide specified services needed to ensure interoperability of end-to-end services to users, including facilities for intelligent network services or roaming on mobile networks; (g) to provide specified services needed to ensure interoperability of end-to-end services to users, including facilities for intelligent network services or roaming on mobile networks;
(h) to provide access to operational support systems or similar software systems necessary to ensure fair competition in the provision of services; (h) to provide access to operational support systems or similar software systems necessary to ensure fair competition in the provision of services;
(i) to interconnect networks or network facilities; (i) to interconnect networks or network facilities;
(j) to provide access to associated services such as identity, location and presence capability. (j) to provide access to associated services such as identity, location and presence capability.
National regulatory authorities may attach to those obligations conditions covering fairness, reasonableness and timeliness. National regulatory authorities may attach to those obligations conditions covering fairness, reasonableness and timeliness.
2. When national regulatory authorities are considering whether to impose the obligations referred in paragraph 1, and in particular when assessing whether such obligations would be proportionate to the objectives set out in Article 8 of Directive 2002/21/EC (Framework Directive), they shall take account in particular of the following factors: 2. When national regulatory authorities are considering whether to impose the obligations referred in paragraph 1, and in particular when assessing whether such obligations would be proportionate to the objectives set out in Article 8 of Directive 2002/21/EC (Framework Directive), they shall take account in particular of the following factors:
(a) the technical and economic viability of using or installing competing facilities, in the light of the rate of market development, taking into account the nature and type of interconnection and access involved; (a) the technical and economic viability of using or installing competing facilities, in the light of the rate of market development, taking into account the nature and type of interconnection and access involved, including the viability of other upstream access products such as access to ducts;
(b) the feasibility of providing the access proposed, in relation to the capacity available; (b) the feasibility of providing the access proposed, in relation to the capacity available;
(c) the initial investment by the facility owner, bearing in mind the risks involved in making the investment; (c) the initial investment by the facility owner, bearing in mind any public investment made and the risks involved in making the investment, including an appropriate risk-sharing among those undertakings enjoying access to these new facilities;
(d) the need to safeguard competition in the long term; (d) the need to safeguard competition in the long term, in particular infrastructure-based competition
(e) where appropriate, any relevant intellectual property rights; (e) where appropriate, any relevant intellectual property rights;
(f) the provision of pan-European services. (f) the provision of pan-European services.
3. When imposing obligations on an operator to provide access in accordance with the provisions of this Article, national regulatory authorities may lay down technical or operational conditions to be met by the provider and/or beneficiaries of such access where necessary to ensure normal operation of the network. Obligations to follow specific technical standards or specifications shall be in compliance with the standards and specifications laid down in accordance with Article 17(1) of Directive 2002/21/EC (Framework Directive). 3. When imposing obligations on an operator to provide access in accordance with the provisions of this Article, national regulatory authorities may lay down technical or operational conditions to be met by the provider and/or beneficiaries of such access where necessary to ensure normal operation of the network. Obligations to follow specific technical standards or specifications shall be in compliance with the standards and specifications laid down in accordance with Article 17 of Directive 2002/21/EC (Framework Directive).

Directive on the authorisation of electronic communications networks and services (Authorisation 2002/20/EC)

Annex I
Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report
A. Conditions which may be attached to a general authorisation A. Conditions which may be attached to a general authorisation
19. Compliance with national measures implementing Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 167, 22.6.2001, p. 10.) and Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 157, 30.4.2004, p. 45.). 19. Compliance with national measures implementing Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 167, 22.6.2001, p. 10.) and Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 157, 30.4.2004, p. 45.).

Directive on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services (Framework 2002/21/EC)

Article 8
Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report
Article 8 − Policy objectives and regulatory principles Article 8 − Policy objectives and regulatory principles
1. Member States shall ensure that in carrying out the regulatory tasks specified in this Directive and the Specific Directives, the national regulatory authorities take all reasonable measures which are aimed at achieving the objectives set out in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4. Such measures shall be proportionate to those objectives. 1. Member States shall ensure that in carrying out the regulatory tasks specified in this Directive and the Specific Directives, the national regulatory authorities take all reasonable measures which are aimed at achieving the objectives set out in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4. Such measures shall be proportionate to those objectives.
Unless otherwise provided in Article 9 regarding radio frequencies, Member States shall take the utmost account of the desirability of making regulations technologically neutral and shall ensure that, in carrying out the regulatory tasks specified in this Directive and the Specific Directives, in particular those designed to ensure effective competition, national regulatory authorities do likewise. Unless otherwise provided in Article 9 regarding radio frequencies or unless otherwise required in order to fulfil the objectives laid down in paragraphs 2 to 4, Member States shall take the utmost account of the desirability of making regulations technologically neutral and shall ensure that, in carrying out the regulatory tasks specified in this Directive and the Specific Directives, in particular those designed to ensure effective competition, national regulatory authorities do likewise.
National regulatory authorities may contribute within their competencies to ensuring the implementation of policies aimed at the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity, as well as media pluralism. National regulatory authorities may contribute within their competencies to ensuring the implementation of policies aimed at the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity, as well as media pluralism.
2. The national regulatory authorities shall promote competition in the provision of electronic communications networks, electronic communications services and associated facilities and services by inter alia: 2. The national regulatory authorities shall promote competition in the provision of electronic communications networks, electronic communications services and associated facilities and services by inter alia:
(a) ensuring that users, including disabled users, elderly users, and users with special social needs derive maximum benefit in terms of choice, price, and quality; (a) ensuring that users, including disabled users, elderly users, and users with special social needs derive maximum benefit in terms of choice, price, and quality, and that providers are compensated for any additional net cost that they can prove to have incurred as a result of the imposition of such public service obligations;
(b) ensuring that there is no distortion or restriction of competition in the electronic communications sector, in particular for the delivery of content; (b) ensuring that there is no distortion or restriction of competition in the electronic communications sector, in particular for the delivery of and access to content and services across all networks;
(c) encouraging efficient investment in infrastructure, and promoting innovation; and (c) encouraging and facilitating efficient market-driven investment in infrastructure, and promoting innovation; and
(d) encouraging efficient use and ensuring the effective management of radio frequencies and numbering resources. (d) encouraging efficient use and ensuring the effective management of radio frequencies and numbering resources.
3. The national regulatory authorities shall contribute to the development of the internal market by inter alia: 3. The national regulatory authorities shall contribute to the development of the internal market by inter alia:
(a) removing remaining obstacles to the provision of electronic communications networks, associated facilities and services and electronic communications services at European level; (a) removing remaining obstacles to the provision of electronic communications networks, associated facilities and services and electronic communications services at European level;
(b) encouraging the establishment and development of trans-European networks and the interoperability of pan-European services, and end-to-end connectivity; (b) encouraging the establishment and development of trans-European networks and the interoperability of pan-European services, and end-to-end connectivity;
(c) ensuring that, in similar circumstances, there is no discrimination in the treatment of undertakings providing electronic communications networks and services; (c) ensuring that, in similar circumstances, there is no discrimination in the treatment of undertakings providing electronic communications networks and services;
(d) working with the Commission and the Authority so as to ensure the development of consistent regulatory practice and the consistent application of this Directive and the Specific Directives. (d) working with the Commission and the Authority so as to ensure the development of consistent regulatory practice and the consistent application of this Directive and the Specific Directives.
4. The national regulatory authorities shall promote the interests of the citizens of the European Union by inter alia: 4. The national regulatory authorities shall promote the interests of the citizens of the European Union by inter alia:
(a) ensuring all citizens have access to a universal service specified in Directive 2002/22/EC (Universal Service Directive); (a) ensuring all citizens have access to a universal service specified in Directive 2002/22/EC (Universal Service Directive);
(b) ensuring a high level of protection for consumers in their dealings with suppliers, in particular by ensuring the availability of simple and inexpensive dispute resolution procedures carried out by a body that is independent of the parties involved; (b) ensuring a high level of protection for consumers in their dealings with suppliers, in particular by ensuring the availability of simple and inexpensive dispute resolution procedures carried out by a body that is independent of the parties involved;
(c) contributing to ensuring a high level of protection of personal data and privacy; (c) contributing to ensuring a high level of protection of personal data and privacy;
(d) promoting the provision of clear information, in particular requiring transparency of tariffs and conditions for using publicly available electronic communications services; (d) promoting the provision of clear information, in particular requiring transparency of tariffs and conditions for using publicly available electronic communications services;
(e) addressing the needs of specific social groups, in particular disabled users, elderly users and users with special social needs; (e) addressing the needs of specific social groups, in particular disabled users, elderly users and users with special social needs;
(f) ensuring that the integrity and security of public communications networks are maintained; and (f) ensuring that the integrity and security of public communications networks are maintained; and
(g) applying the principle that end-users should be able to access and distribute any lawful content and use any lawful applications and/or services of their choice as contractually agreed between the provider and the subscriber. Nothing in that principle, nor the presence in or absence from any contract of any mention of that principle, shall have the effect of setting aside the provisions of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (OJ L 167, 22.6.2001, p. 10.). (g) applying the principle that end-users should be able to access and distribute any lawful content and use any lawful applications and/or services of their choice as contractually agreed between the provider and for this purpose contributing to the promotion of lawful content in accordance with Article 33 of any mention of that principle, shall have the effect of setting aside the provisions of Directive 2002/22/EC (Universal Service Directive).
4a. The national regulatory authorities shall, in pursuit of the policy objectives referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, apply objective, transparent, non-discriminatory and proportionate regulatory principles by, inter alia:
(a) promoting regulatory predictability through the continuity of remedies over several market reviews as appropriate;
(b) ensuring that, in similar circumstances, there is no discrimination in the treatment of undertakings providing electronic communications networks and services;
(c) safeguarding competition to the benefit of consumers and promoting infrastructure-based competition wherever possible;
(d) promoting market driven investment and innovation in new and enhanced infrastructures including by encouraging investment sharing and by ensuring appropriate risk sharing among the investor and those undertakings enjoying access to the new facilities;
(d) taking due account of the variety of conditions relating to competition and consumers that exist in the different geographic areas within a Member State;
(e) imposing ex ante regulatory obligations only where there is no effective and sustainable competition and relaxing or lifting them as soon as there is.
(ga) ensuring cooperation between undertakings providing electronic communications networks and services and the sectors concerned with the protection and the promotion of lawful content over electronic communications networks and services. (ga) ensuring cooperation between undertakings providing electronic communications networks and services and the sectors concerned with the protection and the promotion of lawful content over electronic communications networks and services.
Article 9
Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report
Article 9 − Management of radio frequencies for electronic communications services Article 9 − Management of radio frequencies for electronic communications services
1. Member States shall ensure the effective management of radio frequencies for electronic communication services in their territory in accordance with Article 8. They shall ensure that the allocation and assignment of such radio frequencies by national regulatory authorities are based on objective, transparent, non-discriminatory and proportionate criteria. 1. Taking due account of the fact that radio frequencies are a public good that has an important social, cultural and economic value, Member States shall ensure the effective management of radio frequencies for electronic communication services in their territory in accordance with Articles 8 and 8a. They shall ensure that the allocation and assignment of such radio frequencies by national regulatory authorities are based on objective, transparent, non discriminatory and proportionate criteria. In so doing, they shall act in accordance with international agreements and may take public policy considerations into account.
2. Member States shall promote the harmonisation of use of radio frequencies across the Community, consistent with the need to ensure effective and efficient use thereof and in accordance with Decision No 676/2002/EC (Radio Spectrum Decision). 2. Member States shall promote the harmonisation of use of radio frequencies across the Community, consistent with the need to ensure effective and efficient use thereof and in pursuit of benefits for the consumer such as economies of scale and interoperability of services. In so doing, they shall act in accordance with Articles 8a and 9c of this Directive, and with Decision No 676/2002/EC (Radio Spectrum Decision).
3. Unless otherwise provided in the second subparagraph or in the measures adopted pursuant to Article 9c, Member States shall ensure that all types of radio network or wireless access technology may be used in the radio frequency bands open to electronic communications services. 3. Unless otherwise provided in the second subparagraph or in the measures adopted pursuant to Article 9c, Member States shall, ensure that all types of technologies used for electronic communications services may be used in the radio frequency bands available for electronic communications services in accordance with the ITU Radio Regulations.
Member States may, however, provide for proportionate and non-discriminatory restrictions to the types of radio network or wireless access technology used where this is necessary to: Member States may, however, provide for proportionate and non-discriminatory restrictions to the types of technologies used for electronic communication services where this is necessary to:
(a) avoid harmful interference, (a) avoid the possibility of harmful interference,
(b) protect public health against electromagnetic fields, (b) protect public health against electromagnetic fields,
(ba) ensure technical quality of service,
(c) ensure efficient use of radio frequencies, including the maximisation of radio frequency sharing where possible; or (c) ensure efficient use of radio frequencies, including the maximisation of radio frequency sharing,
(ca) safeguard the efficient use of radio frequencies,
(d) comply with a restriction in accordance with paragraph 4 below. (d) fulfil a general interest objective in accordance with paragraph 4 below.
(da) take account of international and regional spectrum organisations and respect internationally agreed frequency plans, or (da) take account of international and regional spectrum organisations and respect internationally agreed frequency plans, or
(db) safeguard efficient use of spectrum. (db) safeguard efficient use of spectrum.
4. Unless otherwise provided in the second subparagraph or in the measures adopted pursuant to Article 9c, Member States shall ensure that all types of electronic communications services may be provided in the radio frequency bands available to electronic communications as identified in their national frequency allocation tables and in the ITU Radio Regulations. The Member States may, however, provide for proportionate and non-discriminatory restrictions to the types of electronic communications services to be provided. 4. Unless otherwise provided in the second subparagraph, Member States shall ensure that all types of electronic communications services may be provided in the radio frequency bands available for electronic communications services in accordance with their national frequency allocation plans and with the ITU Radio Regulations. The Member States may, however, provide for proportionate and non discriminatory restrictions to the types of electronic communications services to be provided.
Restrictions that require a service to be provided in a specific band shall be justified in order to ensure the fulfilment of a general interest objective in conformity with Community law, such as safety of life, the promotion of social, regional or territorial cohesion, the avoidance of inefficient use of radio frequencies, or, as defined in national legislation in conformity with Community law, the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity and media pluralism. Measures that require an electronic communications service to be provided in a specific band available for electronic communications services shall be justified in order to ensure the fulfilment of a general interest objective as defined in national legislation in conformity with Community law, such as safety of life, the promotion of social, regional or territorial cohesion, the avoidance of inefficient use of radio frequencies, or the promotion of cultural and media policy objectives such as cultural and linguistic diversity and media pluralism.
A restriction which prohibits the provision of any other service in a specific band may only be provided for where justified by the need to protect safety of life services. A measure which prohibits the provision of any other electronic communications service in a specific band may only be provided for where justified by the need to protect safety of life services.
5. Member States shall regularly review the necessity of the restrictions referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4. 5. Member States shall regularly review the necessity of the restrictions and measures referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4 and shall make the results of these reviews public.
6. Paragraphs 3 and 4 shall apply to allocation and assignment of radio frequencies after 31 December 2009. 6. Paragraphs 3 and 4 shall apply to the allocation and assignment of radio frequencies after [date of transposition].
Article 9c
Committee on Legal Affairs Opinion Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Report
Article 9c − Radio Frequency Management Harmonisation Measures Article 9c − Radio Frequency Management Harmonisation Measures
In order to contribute to the development of the internal market, for the achievement of the principles of this Article, the Commission may adopt appropriate implementing measures to: In order to contribute to the development of the internal market, for the achievement of the principles of Articles 8a, 9, 9a and 9b, the Commission may adopt appropriate technical implement measures to:
(-a) apply the radio spectrum action programme established pursuant to Article 8a(7);
(a) harmonise the identification of the bands for which usage rights may be transferred or leased between undertakings; (a) identify the bands for which usage rights may be transferred or leased between undertakings;
(b) harmonise the conditions attached to such rights and the conditions, procedures, limits, restrictions, withdrawals and transitional rules applicable to such transfers or leases; (b) harmonise the conditions attached to such rights and the conditions, procedures, limits, restrictions, withdrawals and transitional rules applicable to such transfers or leases;
(c) harmonise the specific measures to ensure fair competition where individual rights are transferred; (c) harmonise the specific measures to ensure fair competition where individual rights are transferred;
(d) create an exception to the principle of services or technology neutrality, as well as to harmonise the scope and nature of any exceptions to these principles in accordance with Article 9(3) and (4) other than those aimed at ensuring the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity and media pluralism. (d) identify the bands for which the principle of service neutrality shall apply;
These measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 22(3). On imperative grounds of urgency, the Commission may use the urgency procedure referred to in Article 22(4). In the implementation of the provisions of this paragraph, the Commission may be assisted by the national regulatory authorities. These measures designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 22(3).
(26) Given the effect of the exceptions on the development of the internal market for electronic communications services, the Commission should be able to harmonise the scope and nature of any exceptions to the principles of technology and service neutrality other than those aimed at ensuring the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity and media pluralism, having regard to harmonised technical conditions for the availability and efficient use of radio frequencies under Decision No 676/2002/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on a regulatory framework for radio spectrum policy in the European Community (“Radio Spectrum Decision”) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, p. 1.). (26) Given the effect of the exceptions on the development of the internal market for electronic communications services, the Commission should be able to harmonise the scope and nature of any exceptions to the principles of technology and service neutrality other than those aimed at ensuring the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity and media pluralism, having regard to harmonised technical conditions for the availability and efficient use of radio frequencies under Decision No 676/2002/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on a regulatory framework for radio spectrum policy in the European Community (“Radio Spectrum Decision”) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, p. 1.).